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2016-09 People's Government of Siping City

Historical humanities

The period from the ancient Han and Wei dynasties to the Six Kingdoms of the Jin Dynasty in Siping (206-420 AD) belonged to Fuyu, and the northern and southern dynasties to the beginning of the Tang Dynasty were in the state of Goguryeo. After the middle of Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Fuzhou in Fuyu Prefecture of the Bohai Kingdom. Jingui Xianping Road Hanzhou, Yuan belongs to Kaiyuan Road, Ming belongs to the northern border of Liaodong Capital, Qing belongs to the Inner Mongolia Zhelimu League, and later belongs to Changtu Hall.

In 1821 (the first year of Qing Daoguang), Changtu Hall set up an anti-illumination genus at Mai Mai Street (now Lishu Town), which governs Siping.

Fenghua County was established in 1878 (four years of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), and Jiushe was established under the county. Among them, Xin Enshe administers most of the village community in Siping city today. Xin Enshe Governance Office is located in Siping Street (now Siping County, Changtu County).

In 1898 (twenty-four years of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), when Russia built the South-Manchurian branch of the Dongqing Railway, a station was set up every 30 kilometers from Changchun to the south, passing Fanjiatun, Gongzhuling (Ling) and Guojiadian to the present Siping. Five stations, so called Siping "five stations".

In July 1903 (the 29th year of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), the Nanman Sub-Branch was opened to traffic, and Russia named the "Five Stations" "Siping Street Station". Construction of one, two and three roads in the north-south direction started in front of the station.

In September 1905 (31st year of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), the Russo-Japanese War ended and Tsarist Russia was defeated. Japanese imperialism took over the South Manchurian branch from Tsarist Russia, and changed the "rail leased land" of the Tsarist era to "Manchurian Iron Subsidiary" (that is, the first street of Dongping Road in the east of Siping City, west of Daoli Children's Park in the west and Nanhe in the south , Most areas from the north to the North River), and the Japanese take charge of all administrative, economic, street construction, land, housing construction, culture, education, health, taxation and other affairs in the "subsidiary land". Siping has now implemented one rule, two rules.

In the east of Siping Street (one side of the city under the jurisdiction of Lishu County, several natural villages such as Huangjiatun), in order to resist the economic manipulation of Japanese imperialism, they waged economic struggles with "subsidiary areas". With the approval of Fengtian Province, Governor Yin Shousong of Lishu County issued a notice on May 13, 1921 (10th year of the Republic of China) to open up new markets. Business people are scrambling to acquire territories and build houses. Eight grain stores and dozens of grocery stores have opened. Lishu County has set up a "Siping Street New Market Office" here to manage the area. In 1922, Siping Street Village (part of Lishu District 2) was established here. In 1924, the national electric business Siping Street Electric Lamp Company sent electricity to the region. At the same time, in March 1916, the Northeast Transportation Commission Sizheng Railway Bureau of the Ministry of Communications set up a "North Station" on Siping Street to directly manage the household registration, civil, construction, and public security matters at the North Station. Jurisdiction over Shuxian County. After 1922, the Sijing Railway was opened to traffic, and the traffic in Siping Street became more and more convenient. Businessmen from Laosiping, Lishu County, and Bamian City came in, and a large number of buildings followed. Siping is in a state of "three feet (ancillary land, Lishu County, Sijing Railway) standing." After the "September 18th Incident" in 1931, the administrative power of the "North Station" was replaced by the "Manting Railway Siping Street Local Office".

On December 1, 1937, according to the Treaty Concerning the Revocation of Jurisdiction Outside the Manchuria State and the Transfer of the Administrative Power of the Nanman Railway Subsidiary Region, concluded by Japan and the Puppet Manchuria State, the administrative powers of Siping Street East and Daoli were combined, and the State Council of the State of Manchuria The directive established the "Siping Market", and the Japanese ancient museum was also the first Mayor of Siping Market. Since then, Siping Street has been separated from Lishu County and directly under Fengtian Province. On July 1, 1941, the Puppet Manchuria (Decree of June 24, 1940) dismembered the Northeast into 19 provinces. Among them, some counties in Fengtian Province were dismembered to build a pseudo Siping province. The pseudo-Siping Provincial Government Office is located in the former Sijing Railway Bureau office building (now in the Ailing Hospital of Siping City). The pseudo-Siping province leads Siping City, Gongzhuling City, Tongyang County, Lishu County, Shuangliao County, Dongfeng County, Huaide County, and Changling County. The first governor of Puppet Siping Province, Xu Jiayu (appointed Puppet Governor of Jilin Province in 1944, and Qu Bingshan took over in 1943 until the disintegration of Puppet Siping Province). In 1945, "August 15th" Japan surrendered and the pseudo Siping province was revoked.

On November 5, 1945, the Liaoning Province autonomous government was formed in Siping. Provincial Government Chairman Yan Baohang and Vice Chairman Li Youwen. The Liaobei Provincial Government has jurisdiction over Liaoyuan (Liaoyuan, Shuangliao, Changling and other counties), Xi'an, Huaide (Huide and Lishu counties), three special agencies, Siping City and 13 county governments. On January 10, 1946, the KMT Liaobei Provincial Government was established in Siping, and the provincial chairman Liu Handong. North Liaoning Province has jurisdiction over Siping City, Tongliao, Shuangliao, Lishu, Zaitu, Kaiyuan, Xifeng, Dongfeng, Beifeng, Hailong, Changling, Horqin left-wing front, middle and rear flags, Kerqin right-wing front, middle , Houqi, Kulun Banner, Zhalut Banner, 1 city, 10 counties, 8 banners. Siping City was once the residence of the two Liaoning provincial governments of the Communist Party and the Kuomintang.

On March 13, 1948, the Chinese Communist Party liberated Siping, and the KMT Liaoning Provincial Government collapsed. In May 1949, the North Liaoning Province of the Communist Party of China was withdrawn, and Siping was affiliated with Western Liaoning Province. On July 7, 1954, the Northeast Administrative Committee revoked Liaoning Province. In August, Siping City was placed under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province. Since October 1958, Jiping Province has set up a Siping Special (prefecture) district, and Siping City is under the jurisdiction of Siping District.

In August 1983, the State Council approved the cancellation of the Siping area, the establishment of a new Siping city (prefecture-level city), and the implementation of a new system of city-leading counties. Siping City has Tiexi District, Tiedong District, and an urban population of 347,931 and 93,167 households. Siping City has jurisdiction over Huaide County, Lishu County, Yitong County, and Shuangliao County. Huaide County was revoked in March 1985, and Gongzhuling City (prefecture-level municipality) was established, and Yitong County was placed under the jurisdiction of Gongzhuling City. Siping City has jurisdiction over Lishu and Shuangliao counties.

In January 1986, Gongzhuling City was renamed as a county-level city, managed by Siping City, and Yitong County was placed under the jurisdiction of Siping City. In May 1996, Shuangliao County cancelled the establishment of Shuangliao City. In June 2000, with the approval of the provincial government, the Liaohe Agricultural Reclamation Management Zone was added.

At the end of 2009, the total population of the city (two districts, two cities, and two counties) was 3,391,153, and the urban population was 573,088. The city covers an area of 14080 square kilometers, of which the urban area is 407 square kilometers. Siping is a multi-ethnic place with 36 ethnic groups, and the Han population accounts for about 91.6%. Among the 35 ethnic minorities, the Manchu, Mongolian, Hui, and Korean ethnic groups have larger populations.

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