Resources and Environment
The eastern part of Siping City belongs to the hilly area between Jilin Hada Ridge and Dahei Mountain, and the western part belongs to Songliao Plain. The rivers in the territory belong to two major river systems: Liaohe River and Songhua River. The Liaohe River system includes the East Liaohe River, the West Liaohe River, and the Zhaosutai River. The Songhua River water system is mainly the Yitong River. The Dongliao River is the largest river in the country and flows through four counties (cities) in the country. Because it is located in the eastern monsoon region and the mid-temperate semi-humid region, the continental climate is obvious. Siping has four distinct seasons and a pleasant climate. The annual average temperature is 5.7 ° C, the average annual precipitation is 567 mm, and the average frost-free period is about 130 days. Siping City is a national sanitary city, a national dual-support model city and a provincial garden city.
Siping City is located between 42 ° 31 'to 44 ° 09' north latitude and 123 ° 17 'to 125 ° 49' east longitude. It belongs to the humid temperate monsoon climate zone in the middle temperature zone and presents a distinct continental climate. In early spring, willows spit green, mid-summer flowers are in full bloom, late autumn forests are dyed, and winter is covered with silver. The terrain is high in the southeast and low in the northwest, and the altitude is between 100-500 meters. The remnants of Changbai Mountain in the east have undulating hills and grow lush natural forests. The fertile field in the central part of the country is flat and covers about 79% of the total area. It is suitable for planting. Planting crops; bordering the Kerqin grassland in the west, the horizon is infinite, and the grasslands and wind farms have unlimited scenery. It is rainy in summer, with an average annual rainfall of 578.5 millimeters and a total water resource of 2.399 billion cubic meters. The waters of Erlong Lake are vast, and the storage capacity and water surface are the second largest artificial lakes in Jilin Province. One of the 100 natural forest parks named by the Ministry of Forestry. The annual sunshine hours were 2648.4 hours, the urban air quality reached Grade 3, and the annual excellent days were 293 days. The city's green coverage rate reached 36.3%.
Land resources Land resources are relatively rich, with various landform types and obvious regional differences. Mountains account for approximately 6% of the total area, hills account for 15% of the total area, and plains account for approximately 79% of the total area. The city has a total crop area of 647,312 hectares, of which 37,962 hectares of paddy fields. The terrain is flat and the soil is fertile, suitable for growing a variety of crops. Gongzhuling City, Lishu County, Yitong Manchu Autonomous County, and Shuangliao City are national commodity grain base counties (cities). Among crops, corn, soybean, and rice are the most famous, followed by sorghum, millet, and wheat. Among cash crops, sunflower seeds and sugar beets have a larger output, followed by peanuts, castor, flue-cured tobacco, and fruits.
Forest resources The total forest area of Siping City is 306,500 hectares. Among them, planted forests account for more than half. A large area of forest is distributed in the east of Siping City, and farmland shelter forests are the main part in the central and western regions, with small areas of forest. The low mountains and hills in the east are full of lush natural forests. The main tree species are Mongolian sturgeon, poplar, spring elm, white birch, ash and so on. In 2001, the area of afforestation was 1,213,9.2 hectares, and the area of closed hills for afforestation was 10,400 hectares.
Grassland resources The total area of grassland resources in Siping City is 144,000 hectares, of which 89,200 hectares are pasture. 37,000 hectares of grassland. Some villages and towns in the north of Shuangliao City and Gongzhuling City have a large area of grasslands because they are located on the southern edge of the Songnen Plain. There are large barren hills and grasslands in the south of Yitong Manchu Autonomous County and Lishu County.
Wild animal and plant resources The eastern, southern, and western mid-mountains and hilly areas of Siping City have undulating hills, lush vegetation, and abundant animal and plant resources.
Wild animals and beasts include yellow sheep, foxes, wolves and so on. There are 178 species of birds such as pheasants and woodpeckers.
There are 27 species of fish, including chain, lithium, catfish, maggot, and grassroot fish. There are three species of amphibians, including the black-spotted frog, the big toad, and the Northeast tree frog.
There are many kinds of wild plants. There are more than 50 kinds of edible wild plants, such as bracken, mushroom and mountain red. There are 293 kinds of medicinal plants such as ginseng, licorice, schisandra, medlar, jute and so on.
Mineral resources The eastern and southern mountainous and semi-mountainous areas of Siping have good ore-forming geological conditions, and the ore-bearing phenomenon is widespread. There are more than 10 precious metal producing places, 50% of which have development and utilization value. There are 11 energy and mineral resources in Liujiawu Coal Mine, Yitong Coal Mine, and five households in Lishu County. Among metal minerals, more than 10 minerals such as gold and aluminum were found. The zinc reserves in the Fangagou mine can reach about 400,000 tons. Among non-metallic minerals, Dadingshan Wollastonite Mine, Hafu Pottery Mine, Lishu County Limestone Mine have large output, excellent quality and high economic value. Sodium-based bentonite, quartz sand and pottery are the best sellers in foreign trade.
Water resources The total water resources of Siping City is 2.399 billion cubic meters. The city's multi-year river runoff is 1.256 billion cubic meters, and groundwater resources are 1.143 billion cubic meters.